Substance Use

Contact(s)

Alcohol

Heavy drinking

  • In 2015/16, the age-standardized percentage of adults of legal drinking age in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region who drank five or more drinks on at least one occasion per month in the previous 12 months (22%) was statistically similar to the same percentage in Ontario (19%).

Last updated: September 05, 2018.

Read more in our report Heavy Drinking in the NBPSDHU Region between 2007-2014 (July 2017).

Low risk drinking guidelines

  • In 2015/16, the age-standardized percentage of adults of legal drinking age in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region who exceeded the Low Risk Alcohol Drinking Guidelines (54%) was statistically similar to the same percentage in Ontario (44%).

Last updated: September 05, 2018.

Read more in our report Drinking in excess of the Low Risk Alcohol Drinking Guidelines in the NBPSDHU region between 2007-2014 (July 2017).

Alcohol use in students

  • The proportion of students in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region who reported alcohol use in the past year (55.4%) is significantly higher than Ontario students who reported alcohol use (45.8%), but similar to students in other northern regions that reported alcohol use (51.5%). The percentage of students that reported alcohol use in 2014/15 is similar to 2010/11 in the Health Unit region and other northern regions, but lower in Ontario.

Read more in our report Alcohol Use Among Students in Grades 7 to 12 in the NBPSDHU Region: 2014/15 School Year (November 2017). Topics include alcohol use during the past year, drunkenness or bingeing in the past month, usual source of alcohol, and drinking and driving.

Alcohol use in adults - Let's start the conversation

  • A combination of statistics and narrative form the basis for the following report, which aims to start the conversation about alcohol in our community. Strategies for helping our community move from a culture that values heavy drinking, to one that is educated and practices moderation, are also discussed. Let's Start the Conversation: Alcohol use among adults in our community (April 2017).

View the highlights in our infographic - Let's Talk about Alcohol.

Alcohol use during pregnancy

  • About 2.5% of pregnant women living in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region whose pregnancy resulted in a live birth reported drinking alcohol during pregnancy, statistically similar to the Ontario percentage.

Read more in our report Alcohol consumption during pregnancy (July 2016).

Cannabis

General trends

  • Lifetime cannabis use is significantly higher within the Health Unit region (51.4%) compared to Ontario (40.1%). Use of any illicit drug or cannabis during the lifetime is significantly higher among both males and females, 20 to 44 year olds, as well as 45 to 64 year olds in the Health Unit region compared to Ontario.

Visit the PHO Snapshots Illicit Drug Use page for more detail.

Use by students

  • Cannabis Use Among Students in the Grades 7 to 12 in the NBPSDHU Region talks about student use of cannabis by gender and grade. Details include frequency of use, attitudes about cannabis use, and driving after using cannabis.

Read more in our report Cannabis Use Among Students in Grades 7 to 12 in the NBPSDHU Region: 2014 School Year (November 2017).

View the Executive summary  / Sommaire

Cigarettes and other tobacco

Smoking

  • In 2015/16, the age-standardized percentage of current (includes daily and occasional) adult smokers (23%) and daily adult smokers (18%) in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region was statistically similar to percentages of current smokers (18%) and daily smokers (12%) in Ontario. Of the adult population that did not smoke, 25% of adult non-smokers reported being former smokers in the Health Unit region compared to 24% of Ontario adult non-smokers. About a third of the adult population in the Health Unit region (42%) have abstained from smoking, statistically similar compared to 45% of adults in Ontario.

Last updated: September 05, 2018.

Visit the PHO Snapshots Self-Reported Smoking page for more detail.

Read more in our report Cigarette use by sociodemographic subgroup in the NBPSDHU region between 2007-2012.

Read more in our report Detailed Cigarette Smoking Patterns in the NBPSDHU region between 2007-2012 (December 2014).

Quit intentions and attempts (Smoking cessation)

  • In 2013/14, about four in ten smokers within the Health Unit region have seriously considered quitting within the next 30 days, similar to the percentage for smokers in the North East LHIN and Ontario. About six in ten smokers in our region have seriously considered quitting within the next six months in 2013/14, similar compared to smokers in the North East LHIN region and Ontario.

Read more in our report Smoking Cessation in the NBPSDHU Region (March 2017).

Cigarette and tobacco use by students

  • The proportion of students in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region who reported using tobacco cigarettes (excluding a few puffs) in the previous 12 months during the 2014/15 school year (12.6%) is similar to the proportion of students in other northern regions (11.7%) and Ontario (8.6%) that reported smoking in the previous year.
  • In 2014/15, 4.8% students in the Health Unit region smoked one whole tobacco cigarette for the very first time in the past year, similar to the percentages for students in other northern regions (8.0%) and Ontario (6.3%).
  • About one in three students (28.7%) in the Health Unit region reported smoking tobacco cigarettes in their lives, similar to the percentage for students in other northern regions (24.4%) but significantly higher compared to Ontario students (19.1%).
  • A significantly higher percentage of Aboriginal students in other northern regions and Ontario reported lifetime tobacco cigarette use, as compared to non-Aboriginal students. Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal students in the NBPSDHU region reported similar lifetime use of tobacco cigarettes.

Read more in our report Cigarette & Tobacco Use Among Students in Grades 7 to 12 in the NBPSDHU Region: 2014/15 School Year (December 2017). This report presents on all tobacco use including cigarettes, chewing tobacco, water pipe/hookah, & e-cigarettes. Other topics include exposure to second-hand smoke, quit attempts, and sources for cigarettes.

Exposure to cigarette smoke

  • The majority of households in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region did not allow smoking in the house (81.1%) in 2011/12, similar to the Ontario percentage and percentage for the North East LHIN region. In households with children aged younger than 12 years, 94.4% of the Health Unit region population households without a regular smoker living there were “smoke-free”.

Read more in our report Exposure to Cigarette Smoke in the NBPSDHU region between 2007-2012 (December 2014).

Other Tobacco Use

  • In 2013/14, 6.0% of the population aged 12 years or older in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region smoked cigars, pipes, or used snuff, or chewing tobacco in the previous month, similar to the percentage for the North East LHIN region (7.1%) and Ontario (5.2%). Percentages have not changed significantly since 2007/08 for any type of other tobacco use in any of the three regions.

Read more in our report Other Tobacco Use in the NBPSDHU Region Between 2007-2014 (March 2017).

Illicit drugs

Illicit drug use in adults 

  • Between 2009 and 2012, 51.7% of the adult population in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region reported using an illegal drug in their lifetime, significantly higher compared to the Ontario age-standardized percentage (40.6%). In other words, about 11% more of the population in the Health Unit region tried an illegal drug.
  • Lifetime cannabis use is significantly higher within the Health Unit region (51.4%) compared to Ontario (40.1%). Use of any illicit drug or cannabis during the lifetime is significantly higher among both males and females, 20 to 44 year olds, as well as 45 to 64 year olds in the Health Unit region compared to Ontario.

Visit the PHO Snapshots Illicit Drug Use page for more detail.

Illicit drug use among expectant mothers 

  • In 2015, 5.4% of expectant mothers in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region reported using street drugs or inappropriately using prescription and non-prescription drugs during their pregnancy, significantly higher and about 2.5 times the percentage in Ontario percentage (2.1%). A significantly higher percentage of expectant mothers in the 25 to 34 year old age group within the NBPSDHU region (4.1%) used drugs during their pregnancy, compared to 1.5% of expectant mothers in Ontario. 
  • Visit the PHO Snapshots Maternal Health page for more detail.

Substance use by students

  • The proportion of students in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region who reported illegal substance use in their lifetime in 2014/15 (26.5%) is comparable to other northern regions (23.7%) and Ontario (22.8%).
  • Males and females reported using illegal substances in comparable proportions, however, a significantly higher proportion of female students in the Health Unit region reported using illegal substances compared to all female students in Ontario.
  • Significantly more students in grades 11 to 12 in the Health Unit region reported illegal substance use compared to students in grades 7 to 8.
  • The percentage of self-identified Aboriginal students who reported illegal substance use did not differ from non-Aboriginal students in the Health Unit region or Ontario. The percentage of students who reported illegal substance use did not differ by perceived socioeconomic status in any of the three regions.

Read more in our report Other Substance Use Among Students in Grades 7 to 12 in the NBPSDHU Region: 2014/15 School Year (December 2017). This report summarizes non-medical use of prescription drugs and use of illegal drugs. Drug use is presented for the previous year and their lifetime, as well as by drug.

Opioid related emergency department visits and deaths

Morbidity and mortality

  • In 2017, the crude rate for opioid-related emergency departments in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region was among the highest rates in the past 12 years, and similar to the Ontario rate in 2017.
  • The crude death rate in the Health Unit region was similar to the death rate in Ontario during 2017. Crude death rates were significantly higher in the Health Unit region between 2010 and 2014, compared to Ontario.

Read more in our report Opioid-related Morbidity & Mortality - 2005 - 2017 (July 2018). This report summarizes opioid-related emergency department visits & deaths in the Health Unit region, and makes comparisons to Ontario rates in the overall population and by sex and age group.

Emergency department visits due to opioid poisoning

Number of emergency department visits due to opioid poisoning by month made to hospitals in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit Region.

The following data should be considered preliminary and subject to change as emergency departments continue to submit data.

Month 2017 2018
January Not available 6
February Not available 9
March Not available 5
April 6 8
May Suppressed* 7
June Suppressed* 12
July Suppressed* Suppressed*
August 7 Suppressed*
September 7  
October 8  
November Suppressed*  
December 5  

*Emergency department visits between 1 and 4 are suppressed to maintain patient privacy

Data notes:

  • This data source also only captures overdoses where patients visited the emergency department. It is likely these data under represents the true burden of overdose in the population.
  • This data source includes all visits to hospitals in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region, including those who are residents of other municipalities accessing care in the Health Unit region.
  • Opioid poisonings were measured using ICD-10 codes: T40.0 - Opium, T40.1 - Heroin, T40.2 - Other opioids (e.g. Codeine, Morphine), T40.3 - Methadone, T40.4 - Other synthetic narcotics (Pethidine) and T40.6 - Poisoning by other and unspecified narcotics.
  • This indicator include visits where opioid poisoning was listed as a main or a contributing cause.
  • Emergency department visits includes only unscheduled visits.

Data source: Number of emergency department visits due to opioid poisoning: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS). Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, IntelliHEALTH Ontario.

Last updated: September 21, 2018

North Bay
Parry Sound
Burk's Falls

345 Oak Street West

705-474-1400

70 Joseph Street Unit #302

705-746-5801

17 Copeland Street (by appointment only)

1-800-563-2808