Reproductive and Child Health

Contact(s)

Birth rates

Live births

  • In 2016, approximately eight infants were born live for every 1,000 persons in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region, significantly lower compared to the Ontario rate (10 live births per 1,000 population). Between 2006 and 2016, live birth rates have remained stable in the Health Unit region, and have decreased significantly in Ontario.

Last updated: August 07, 2018.

Visit the PHO Snapshots Reproductive Health page for more detail.

Preterm births

  • In 2016, eight preterm infants were born for every 100 live births in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region, similar to the Ontario rate (eight preterm births per 100 live births). Between 2006 and 2016, the rate of preterm births in the Health Unit region has remained stable, while it has decreased significantly in Ontario.

Last updated: August 07, 2018.

Visit the PHO Snapshots Reproductive Health page for more detail.

Size for gestational age

  • In 2016, approximately nine infants were born small for gestational age (SGA) for every 100 live singleton births in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region, statistically similar to the Ontario rate (10 infants born SGA per 100 live singleton births). Between 2006 and 2016, the rate of SGA infants remained stable in the Health Unit region (from 8 infants born SGA in 2006 to 6 infants born SGA per 100 live singleton births), while the Ontario rate has increased significantly by about 8%.
  • In 2016, approximately 12 infants were born large for gestational age (LGA) for every 100 live singleton births in the Health Unit region, similar to the Ontario rate (10 infants born LGA per 100 live singleton births). Rates have been stable over time in both in the Health Unit region in Ontario.

Last updated: August 07, 2018.

Visit the PHO Snapshots Reproductive Health page for more detail.

Healthy child development

Enhanced 18 month well-baby visits (July) 2018

Infant feeding

Solid food provision to infants in the NBPSDHU region

This report summarizes the age in months when infants are first introduced to solid foods, for infants born in 2009/10 and 2014/15.

Breast milk provision by sociodemographic group in the NBPSDHU region

A summary showing how breast milk provision varies by sociodemographic group (maternal age, education, area of residence, & household income) within the NBPSDHU region between 2009 and 2015.

Reasons for providing liquids other than breast milk in the NBPSDHU region    (June 2017)

This report summarizes mother’s reasons for providing liquids other than breast milk to their infants at different stages of their infants' lives.

Intended Duration & Self-efficacy of Breast Milk Provision    (April 2017)

This report shows mothers' intended duration of breast milk provision of their infants, and mothers' self-efficacy with breast-feeding in public and determining whether their baby is getting enough milk between 2009 and 2015.

Breast Milk Provision in the NBPSDHU Region    (March 2017)

This report shows the percentage of infants provided breast milk between 2009 and 2015, and at different stages of their lives.

Injuries among infants & children

See our Injury page for information on mortalities and injury-related emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and mortality among children, including infants.

Positive parenting

  • This report is a situational assessment of positive parenting in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region, for parents of children 0 to 18 years of age. The purpose was to determine if a comprehensive approach to positive parenting is being achieved and to inform future planning. The report explores data from four different stakeholder groups, including public health units, community organizations, parents, and community partners. Recommendations for achieving a comprehensive approach are discussed.

Read the report: Positive Parenting in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit Region (October 2014) 

Risk factors for healthy child development

  • In 2016, 6.5% of mothers (and/or their infants) did not have a primary care provider in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region, about two times the Ontario percentage (3.0%).
  • Almost a third of infants (31.2%) in the Health Unit region had a parent or parenting partner with a history of depression, anxiety, or other mental illness; significantly higher compared to Ontario (17.0%).
  • About one in ten infants in the Health Unit region had parents or parenting partners who had been involved with Child Protection Services as a parent (13.9%), compared to about 4 in 100 Ontario infants.
  • The percentage of infants whose families had concerns about money to pay for housing/rent, family's food, clothing, utilities, and other basic necessities was 9.0%; significantly higher (about three times higher) than the Ontario percentage (3.4%). About 8.5% of infants had a mother who was a single parent in the Health Unit region, compared to 5% in Ontario.

Visit the PHO Snapshots Risk Factors for Healthy Child Development page for more detail.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy rate

  • In 2015, there were approximately 51 pregnancies per 1,000 females of reproductive age in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region, similar to the 53 pregnancies per 1,000 females of reproductive age in Ontario. Between 2006 and 2015, the pregnancy rate per 1,000 females of reproductive age (15 to 49 years) has been increasing significantly in the Health Unit region, while the rate in Ontario has decreased significantly. Among 20 to 24 year olds, the pregnancy rate was 50% higher in the Health Unit region (79 pregnancies per 1,000 20 to 24 year old females) compared to Ontario females (53 pregnancies per 1,000 20 to 24 year old females).

Last updated: August 07, 2018.

Visit the PHO Snapshots Reproductive Health page for more detail.

Teen pregnancy rate

  • In 2015, the teenage (15 to 19 years) pregnancy rate in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region (25 pregnancies per 1,000 teenage females) was 56% higher, and significantly higher than the Ontario rate (16 pregnancies per 1,000 teenage females). The teenage pregnancy rate in the Health Unit region and Ontario has decreased significantly between 2006 and 2015.

Last updated: August 07, 2018.

Visit the PHO Snapshots Reproductive Health page for more detail.

Maternal health

Alcohol consumption during pregnancy

  • About 2.5% of pregnant women living in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region whose pregnancy resulted in a live birth reported drinking alcohol during pregnancy, statistically similar to the Ontario percentage.

Read more in our report Alcohol consumption during pregnancy (July 2016).

Folic acid supplementation

  • In 2015, about one in four women (23.5%) in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region reported taking folic acid either before pregnancy or during pregnancy, a significantly lower percentage compared to about 31.1% of women in Ontario. The percentage of women who used folic acid prior to pregnancy in the Health Unit region (3.6%) was similar to the Ontario percentage (2.6%). Please interpret these estimates with caution as about 11% of responses were missing.

Visit the PHO Snapshots Maternal Health page for more detail.

Illicit drug use among expectant mothers

  • In 2015, 5.4% of expectant mothers in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region reported using street drugs or inappropriately using prescription and non-prescription drugs during their pregnancy, significantly higher and about 2.5 times the percentage in Ontario percentage (2.1%). A significantly higher percentage of expectant mothers in the 25 to 34 year old age group within the Health Unit region (4.1%) used drugs during their pregnancy, compared to 1.5% of expectant mothers in Ontario.

Visit the PHO Snapshots Maternal Health page for more detail.

Smoking among expectant mothers

  • Between 2013 and 2015 the percentage of women who reported smoking during their pregnancy in the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit region was more than double the Ontario percentage.
  • About one of every three pregnant women aged 25 years or younger in the Health Unit region smoked during her pregnancy, significantly higher compared to about one of every four women in Ontario overall.
  • For live infants born between January 12 2014 and December 31, 2015, about one of every three mothers in the Health Unit region who reported having a household income level less than $40,000 a year had reported smoking during their pregnancy, significantly higher compared to about one in ten mothers with household income levels between $40,000 and $79,999, and compared to one in twenty mothers with household income levels of $80,000 or higher.

More information is available in the following report: Tobacco use during pregnancy in the NBPSDHU region (January 2018).

North Bay
Parry Sound
Burk's Falls

345 Oak Street West

705-474-1400

70 Joseph Street Unit #302

705-746-5801

17 Copeland Street (by appointment only)

1-800-563-2808